Climate-smart agriculture addresses the impacts of a changing climate on agriculture and presents solutions to both mitigate the contribution of agriculture to greenhouse gas emissions and to feed an ever-increasing global population. Particular practices, such as incorporating trees into farms, water capture technologies, inter-cropping, and integrated livestock-crop systems, increase resilience to climatic stress, building soil organic matter, and storing carbon. The World Bank has produced a video on climate-smart agriculture, presenting the “triple win” scenario. Examples from the field help explain different practices considered to fall under the climate-smart category.
These various components of a climate-smart agricultural landscape are addressed in the video. However, the definition of climate-smart agriculture goes further to recognize that an integrated approach to planning for agriculture, forests, fisheries, and water is necessary to ensure the synergies between these systems are realized. Moreover, it implicates the need to continue producing food within the landscape to feed communities, and protect the livelihoods of the local people, all in a sustainable manner. A post on the Landscapes Blog back in April tackles this notion of “climate-smart landscapes” and the steps to take en-route implementation.